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Tuning exchange bias in core/shell FeO/Fe3O4 nanoparticles.


PMID 22132824

Abstract

Monodisperse 35 nm FeO nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized and oxidized in a dry air atmosphere into core/shell FeO/Fe(3)O(4) NPs with both FeO core and Fe(3)O(4) shell dimensions controlled by reaction temperature and time. Temperature-dependent magnetic properties were studied on FeO/Fe(3)O(4) NPs obtained from the FeO NPs oxidized at 60 and 100 °C for 30 min. A large exchange bias (shift in the hysteresis loop) was observed in these core/shell NPs. The relative dimensions of the core and shell determine not only the coercivity and exchange field but also the dominant reversal mechanism of the ferrimagnetic Fe(3)O(4) component. This is the first time demonstration of tuning exchange bias and of controlling asymmetric magnetization reversal in FeO/Fe(3)O(4) NPs with antiferromagnetic core and ferrimagnetic shell.

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400866
Iron(II) oxide, −10 mesh, 99.7% trace metals basis
FeO