Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy

Photoactive azoimine dyes: 4-(2-pyridylazo)-N,N-diethylaniline and 4-(2-pyridylazo)-N,N-dimethylaniline: computational and experimental investigation.

PMID 22137011


4-(2-Pyridylazo)-N,N-dimethylaniline and 4-(2-pyridylazo)-N,N-diethylaniline, two photoactive azoimine dyes, were prepared from the reaction of 2-aminopyridine with N,N-dialkyl-1,4-nitrosoaniline at room temperature. Structural characterizations of these dyes using single crystal X-ray diffraction, (1)H NMR, elemental analysis, mass spectroscopy and IR spectroscopy have been carried out. The X-ray structure indicates a trans configuration around the azo group. The photochemical behavior of these compounds differs from that of 2-phenylazopyridine, the non-dialkylamino substituent compound. The synthesized compounds show emission spectra at room temperature while 2-phenylazopyridine does not. The excitation spectra of these compounds differ from their absorption spectra which can be explained on the basis of the trans to cis photoisomerization which is supported by the TD-PBE0/6-31G(d,p) calculations. Both oxidation of the dialkylamino substituents (-NR(2); R=-CH(3) and -C(2)H(5)) and reduction of -N=N-/-N=N-(-) and -N=N-(-)/-N=N-(2-) were observed in the cyclic voltammogram indicating a π-acidity of both dyes.