Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences

Simultaneous determination of catechin, epicatechin and epicatechin gallate in rat plasma by LC-ESI-MS/MS for pharmacokinetic studies after oral administration of Cynomorium songaricum extract.

PMID 22153330


A rapid and valid method was developed for simultaneous determination catechin, epicatechin and epicatechin gallate in rat plasmas using scopoletin (103 ng mL(-1)) as an internal standard (IS). The separation was performed on Eclipse plus C18 column (100 mm × 4.6 mm, 1.8 μm) at a flow rate of 0.3 mL min(-1), and acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid was used as mobile phase. The recoveries of three analytes and IS were more than 78.9%. The lower limits of quantitation (LLOQ) in rat plasma were 2.14, 2.38 and 2.08 ng mL(-1) respectively for catechin, epicatechin and epicatechin gallate. Intra-day and inter-day precisions were within 12%. The accuracies were more than 85%. After single oral administration of 15.25 g kg(-1) Cynomorium songaricum extract, C(max) of catechin, epicatechin and epicatechin gallate in rat plasma were respectively 86.69±38.65, 32.57±15.00 and 36.93±12.62 ng mL(-1) while T(max) values were respectively 0.15±0.09, 0.20±0.10 and 0.20±0.13 h. The results demonstrated that the present LC-MS/MS method was sensitive enough for pharmacokinetic study of catichins following oral administration of C. songaricum extract.