European journal of pharmacology

Hydrogen peroxide as a mediator of vasorelaxation evoked by N-oleoylethanolamine and anandamide in rat small mesenteric arteries.

PMID 22154756


Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) has been shown to participate in endothelium-derived hyperpolarising factor (EDHF)-mediated mechanisms. Vasorelaxation to the endocannabinoid-like N-oleoylethanolamine (OEA) and anandamide has been shown to be endothelium-dependent. Therefore, the principal aim was to investigate whether H(2)O(2) plays a role in vasorelaxation to endocannabinoids in rat mesenteric arteries. We have also investigated the effects of catalase on endothelium-dependent relaxations and vascular responses to H(2)O(2). First- (G1) and third- (G3) order branches of the superior mesenteric artery from male, Wistar rats were mounted in a wire myograph, contracted with methoxamine, and concentration-response curves to anandamide, OEA carbachol or H(2)O(2), were constructed. The influence of nitric oxide production and H(2)O(2) breakdown on these responses were then investigated using L-NAME (300 μM), and catalase (1000 Uml(-1)) respectively. In G1 mesenteric arteries, vasorelaxations to carbachol and H(2)O(2) were inhibited by L-NAME, but not by catalase. Responses to both anandamide and OEA were also unaffected by catalase. In G3 mesenteric arteries, endothelium-dependent relaxations to carbachol were modestly affected by L-NAME, unaffected by catalase alone, but their combination greatly inhibited vasorelaxation. Similarly, catalase inhibited vasorelaxation to anandamide and OEA, and combined treatment with L-NAME further reduced this response. In G1 mesenteric arteries, vasorelaxation to H(2)O(2) is predominantly mediated by nitric oxide. We conclude that in G3 arteries H(2)O(2) activity contributes towards EDHF-type responses and vasorelaxation to endocannabinoids, either directly or indirectly. Given the association between vascular pathophysiology and H(2)O(2), these findings may provide a mechanism whereby disease states may influence responses to endocannabinoid and related mediators.