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Transplantation proceedings

Relationship between ischemia/reperfusion injury and the stimulus of fibrogenesis in an experimental model: comparison among different preservation solutions.


PMID 22172818

Abstract

Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) has been the standard treatment for end-stage acute and chronic liver disease. Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is one of the major causes of poor graft function early after OLT, and adversely influencing graft and patient survivals. It is unknown whether I/R injury influences liver fibrogenesis. Livers from 25 adult male Wistar rats were randomly assigned into 5 experimental groups according to the preservation solution: saline solution (SS); University of Wisconsin (UW) solution; Fructose 1, 6-biphosphate (FBP); S-Nitroso-N-Acetylcysteine (SNAC): or UW+SNAC (SNAC+UW). Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) were determined in preservation solution samples at 2, 4, and 6 hours. After 6 hours of cold ischemia, ex situ reperfusion was applied to the liver for 15 minutes. Serum AST, ALT, LDH, and renin levels were determined. Fresh liver slices were processed for histological studies, determination of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, catalase, and glutathione, and expression of TGF-β1 and angiotensin II AT1 receptor. AST was significantly lower during cold storage with UW than with the older media (P=.001); ALT was lower in the FBP group (P=.023) and LDH was lower in the FBP and SNAC groups (P=.007). After reperfusion, serum AST, ALT, LDH, and TBARS showed no significant differences among the groups. Catalase was significantly lower in the SS and FBP groups (P=.008 and P=.006, respectively). Compared with UW, glutathione concentrations were significantly higher in SS, FBP, and SNAC 200 (P=.004). Renin levels were significantly lower in the FBP group (P=.022). No histological signs of preservation injury were observed in the hepatic sample. No expressions were detected of TGF-β1 or AT1 receptor. In this experimental model of early reperfusion injury, preservation changes related to higher levels of renin, which suggest its role in fibrogenesis. FBP was associated with lower renin levels than other solutions including UW.

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