EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

International immunopharmacology

Ampelopsin reduces endotoxic inflammation via repressing ROS-mediated activation of PI3K/Akt/NF-κB signaling pathways.


PMID 22193240

Abstract

Ampelopsin (AMP), a plant flavonoid, has potent anti-inflammatory properties in vitro and in vivo. The molecular mechanisms of ampelopsin on pharmacological and biochemical actions of RAW264.7 macrophages in inflammation have not been clearly elucidated yet. In the present study, non-cytotoxic level of ampelopsin significantly inhibited the release of nitric oxide (NO) and pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in a dose-dependent manner. Consistent with NO inhibition, ampelopsin suppressed lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced expression of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) by inhibiting nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) activation, which highly correlated with its inhibitory effect on IκB kinase (IKK) phosphorylation, IκB phosphorylation and NF-κB nuclear translocation. Further study demonstrated that ampelopsin suppressed LPS-induced activation of Akt without effecting mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) phosphorylation. A pharmacological inhibitor of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt pathway, LY294002, abrogated IKK/IκB/NF-κB-mediated iNOS gene expression. Finally, we certificated that ampelopsin reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation and an anti-oxidant N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) significantly repressed LPS-induced PI3K/Akt phosphorylation and the downstream IKK/IκB activation. NAC thereby inhibited LPS-induced iNOS expression and NO production. The present results suggest that the anti-inflammatory effect of ampelopsin is due to inhibiting the interconnected ROS/Akt/IKK/NF-κB signaling pathways.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

SML0295
Dihydromyricetin, ≥98% (HPLC)
C15H12O8