Journal of bioscience and bioengineering

Enhancement of retinal production by supplementing the surfactant Span 80 using metabolically engineered Escherichia coli.

PMID 22197498


The optimal temperature and pH for retinal production using metabolically engineered Escherichia coli in a 7-l fermentor were found to be 30°C and 7.0, respectively. The agitation speed was a critical factor for retinal production. The optimal agitation speed was 400 rpm (oxygen transfer coefficient, k(L)a, = 92 1/h) in batch culture and 600 rpm (k(L)a=148 1/h) in a fed-batch culture of glycerol. Span 80 was selected as a surfactant for retinal production in metabolically engineered E. coli because Span 80 had proven the most effective for increased retinal production among the tested surfactants. Under the optimal conditions in the fed-batch culture with 5 g/l Span 80, the cell mass and the concentration, content, and productivity of retinal were 24.7 g/l, 600 mg/l, 24.3mg/g-cells, and 18 mg l(-1)h(-1) after 33 h, respectively. They were 1.2-, 2.7-, 2.3-, and 2.7-fold higher than those in the fed-batch culture without Span 80, respectively. The concentration and productivity of retinal in this study were the highest ever reported. The hydrophilic portion of Span 80 (sorbitan) did not affect cell growth and retinal production, but the hydrophobic portion (oleic acid) stimulated cell growth. However, oleic acid plus sorbitan did not stimulate retinal production. Thus, Span 80, as a linked compound of oleic acid and sorbitan produced by esterification, proved to be an effective surfactant for the enhancement of retinal production.

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Span® 80, nonionic surfactant
Span® 80, for GC