Journal of colloid and interface science

One-pot deposition of palladium on hybrid TiO2 nanoparticles and catalytic applications in hydrogenation.

PMID 22200327


One-pot deposition of Pd onto TiO(2) has been achieved through directly contacting palladium(II) salt with nanosized functionalized TiO(2) support initially obtained by sol-gel process using titanium isopropoxide and citric acid. Citrate groups act as functional moieties able to directly reduce the Pd salt avoiding any further reducing treatment. Various palladium salts (Na(2)PdCl(4) and Pd(NH(3))(4)Cl(2)·H(2)O) and titanium to citrate (Ti/CA) ratios (20, 50, and 100) were used in order to study the effect of the nature of the precursor and of the citrate content on the final Pd particle size and catalytic properties of the as-obtained Pd/TiO(2) systems. Characterization was performed using N(2) adsorption-desorption isotherms, ICP-AES, FTIR, XRD, XPS, and TEM. The as-obtained hybrid Pd/TiO(2) catalysts were tested in the selective hydrogenation (HYD) of an α,β-unsaturated aldehyde, i.e. cinnamaldehyde. Citrate-free Pd/TiO(2)-based catalysts present lower selectivity into saturated alcohol. However, citrate-functionalized Pd/TiO(2) catalyst seems to control the selectivity, the particle size and dispersion of Pd NPs leading to high intrinsic activity.