Archives of biochemistry and biophysics

Involvement of actin cytoskeleton in macrophage apoptosis induced by cationic liposomes.

PMID 22203089


We clarified whether actin cytoskeleton is involved in the macrophage apoptosis induced by cationic liposomes composed of stearylamine (SA-liposomes). Externalization of phosphatidylserine induced by SA-liposomes was suppressed by cytochalasin D, a specific inhibitor of polymerization of F-actin. Furthermore, activation of PKCδ and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, which could be involved in the macrophage apoptosis, were inhibited by cytochalasin D. Microscopical observation revealed the co-localization of 1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindocarbocyanine perchlorate (DiI)-labeled SA-liposomes and fluorescein-labeled phalloidin, which specifically binds to F-actin, and this co-localization was also inhibited by cytochalasin D. Co-localization of SA-liposomes and F-actin was also inhibited by the pre-treatment of cells with chondroitinase ABC. These findings could be the first observation concerning the contribution of the proteoglycan-actin cytoskeleton-ROS generation pathway to apoptosis induced by SA-liposomes in macrophages.