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Cancer letters

Pyrvinium pamoate inhibits proliferation of myeloma/erythroleukemia cells by suppressing mitochondrial respiratory complex I and STAT3.


PMID 22210382

Abstract

Pyrvinium pamoate (PP), a classical anthelminthic, potently inhibited proliferation and STAT3 Tyr705 phosphorylation of human myeloma (U266B1 and PCM6)/erythroleukemia (HEL 92.1.7) cells. PCM6 cell proliferation was markedly impaired by STAT3 siRNA knockdown. PP inhibited ATP production/O(2) consumption in those three cells and mitochondrial respiratory complex (I+III, but not II+III) activity in mouse kidney mitochondrial fractions. PP inhibition of ATP production, STAT3 Tyr705 phosphorylation, and proliferation was absent in mitochondrial DNA-deficient HEL 92.1.7-ρ(0) cells. Moreover, PP acted synergistically with dexamethasone to inhibit PCM6 cell proliferation. In conclusion, we identified PP as a potential anticancer drug directed against mitochondrial respiratory complex I/STAT3.