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Toxicology

Involvement of IGF-I signaling pathway in the regulation of steroidogenesis in mouse Leydig cells treated with fenvalerate.


PMID 22210404

Abstract

Exposure to fenvalerate has been shown to be associated with decreased steroid hormone production by mouse Leydig tumor cells (MLTC-1) in our previous study and the interference with cAMP-PKA pathway cannot explain this inhibitory effect completely. In this study, the same cell line was used to investigate the potential involvement of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) signaling pathway in the downregulation of steroidogenesis by fenvalerate. Results showed that fenvalerate treatment decreased IGF-I secretion significantly which was consistent with the reduced expression of IGF-I mRNA. Then inhibitors of the two downstream pathways of IGF-I were added to the medium. The addition of LY294002 (inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol (PI)-3-kinase) did not alter the declining trend of progesterone production with increasing dosages of fenvalerate treatment while the addition of UO126 (inhibitor of extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2)) markedly attenuated this trend, which strongly indicated the possible involvement of pathway ERK1/2. In addition, phosphorylation of ERK1/2 was also suppressed by fenvalerate. The results suggest that the mechanism by which fenvalerate decreased steroid hormone production might involve the impairment of IGF-I signal pathway by attenuating the IGF-I production and ERK1/2 phosphorylation.

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