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ChemMedChem

Selective agonists for dopamine/neurotensin receptor heterodimers.


PMID 22213714

Abstract

The neuromodulatory peptide neurotensin has been described to functionally interact with dopaminergic pathways of the human brain. We employed radioligand binding studies to investigate the physical interaction between co-expressed dopamine D(2L) or D₃ and neurotensin NTS₁ or NTS₂ receptors. Substantial cross-inhibitory effects of both receptor subtypes NTS(1) and NTS₂ on the agonist binding of D(2L) or D₃ were detected in the presence of neurotensin. To identify ligand-specific modulation and subtype-dependent differences, the novel dopamine receptor agonists 5 and 6 bearing the 7-OH-DPAT pharmacophore were synthesized. Exceptional ligand specificity was observed for D₃-NTS₂ co-expression, which gave a 20-fold decrease in affinity for biphenylcarboxamide 5 in the presence of neurotensin. Comparing the binding properties of dopaminergic compounds in the presence of neurotensin, dopamine receptor subtype-selective profiles of the cross-inhibitory effect of neurotensin were observed.

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