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Chemosphere

Heterogeneous reactions of suspended parathion, malathion, and fenthion particles with NO(3) radicals.


PMID 22226365

Abstract

Organophosphorus pesticides (OPPs) emit into the atmosphere in both gas and particulate phases via spray drift from treatments and post-application emission, but most of their degradations in the atmosphere are not well known. In this study, the heterogeneous reactions of nitrate (NO(3)) radicals with three typical OPPs (parathion, malathion, and fenthion) absorbed on azelaic acid particles are investigated using an online vacuum ultraviolet photoionization aerosol time-of-flight mass spectrometer (VUV-ATOFMS). The reaction products observed with the VUV-ATOFMS are identified on the basis of GC/MS analysis of the products in the reaction between NO(3) radicals and the coating of the pesticide. Paraoxon is identified as the only product of parathion; malaoxon and bis(1,2-bis-ethoxycarbonylethyl)disulfide as the products of malathion; fenoxon, fenoxon sulfoxide, fenthion sulfoxide, fenoxon sulfone, and fenthion sulfone as the products of fenthion. The degradation rates of parathion, malathion, and fenthion under the experimental conditions are 5.5×10(-3), 5.6×10(-2), and 3.3×10(-2)s(-1), respectively. The pathways of the heterogeneous reactions between the three OPPs and NO(3) radicals are proposed. The experimental results reveal the possible transformations of these OPPs through the oxidation of NO(3) radicals in the atmosphere.