Glutamate-induced cell death in HT22 mouse hippocampal cells is attenuated by paxilline, a BK channel inhibitor.

PMID 22240184


In the present study, we show that the large conductance calcium-activated potassium channel (BK(Ca) channel) inhibitor paxilline protects neuronal cells against glutamate-induced cell death. In our studies, we used HT22 mouse hippocampal cells as an experimental model and observed that the effect of paxilline was dose-dependent. We also found that other inhibitors of BK(Ca) channels, iberiotoxin and charybdotoxin, were not cytoprotective. Paxillinol, which is a structural analog of paxilline but does not inhibit BK(Ca) channel, also protected HT22 cells against glutamate-induced toxicity. These data suggest that the observed cytoprotection was not related to BK(Ca) channel inhibition by paxilline. In addition, paxilline neither restored glutathione levels nor reduced the amount of reactive oxygen species upon glutamate treatment. Our results suggest that paxilline protects neuronal HT22 cells against glutamate-induced cell death independently of BK(Ca) channel activity and oxidative stress induced by glutamate treatment.

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