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Herz

[HDL level or HDL function as the primary target in preventive cardiology].


PMID 22258137

Abstract

The risk for myocardial infarction can be reduced by almost 50% solely by lowering LDL cholesterol. Despite success reducing LDL and cholesterol, atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction remain significant challenges. However, mechanisms of the reverse cholesterol transport system might be used more effectively in the foreseeable future. Although the benefit of high HDL cholesterol appears to be obvious, most clinical trials aimed at increasing HDL cholesterol failed to generate convincing results. Therefore, the question arises as to whether indeed only HDL level or perhaps rather more HDL function is of considerable therapeutic relevance. If function is the crucial issue drugs such as CETP (cholesteryl ester transfer protein) activators or SR-B1 (scavenger receptor type B-1) upregulators could be beneficial. These types of drugs could improve HDL metabolism and might have beneficial effects despite the fact that they lower HDL levels. Ongoing studies on next generation CETP inhibitors and nicotinic acid will clarify this question and might help in our struggle against atherosclerosis.

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