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Talanta

A novel sensitive DNA-biosensor for detection of a carcinogen, Sudan II, using electrochemically treated pencil graphite electrode by voltammetric methods.


PMID 22265494

Abstract

A simple and inexpensive methodology was used to develop a novel electrochemical sensor for the determination of Sudan II. The interaction of Sudan II with salmon sperm ds-DNA on the surface of salmon sperm ds-DNA-modified pencil graphite electrode (PGE) and in solution phase was studied, using differential pulse voltammetry. The difference between adenine and guanine signals of the ds-DNA after and before interaction with Sudan II was directly proportional to Sudan II concentration, which used for quantitative inspections. Using PGE, a linear calibration curve (R(2)=0.9958) was observed with 0.5-6.0 μg mL(-1) Sudan II. Furthermore, the LOD of 0.4 μg mL(-1) and linear range between 0.5 and 4.0 μg mL(-1) were achieved in solution phase. In the second part, Sudan II was determined on a pretreated pencil graphite electrode by means of adsorptive stripping differential pulse voltammetry. The peak current was linearly dependent on Sudan II concentration over the range of 0.0015-0.30 μg mL(-1), with a detection limit of 0.00007 μg mL(-1) Sudan II. Both ds-DNA-modified PGE and PPGE were applied to analyze Sudan II in real samples.

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