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Journal of hazardous materials

Recovery of fluorine from bastnasite as synthetic cryolite by-product.


PMID 22281026

Abstract

This paper investigates the development of a new environment friendly approach for treatment of bastnasite. A new process was developed to recover fluorine from bastnasite as synthetic cryolite by-product. The conditions affecting the fluorine removal and recovery in the process, including contact time, acidity, Al(3+) concentration, Al/F molar ratio and different kinds of aluminum salts being used, were investigated. The results indicate that high acidity and large Al/F molar ratio were beneficial to fluoride removal, and that the reaction reached equilibrium after 15 min. The effect of the initial Al(3+) concentration at a certain total Al(3+) amount was slight. Aluminum nitrate was more efficient than aluminum sulfate for the removal of fluoride. Optimum operation parameters for synthesizing cryolite have been obtained and proposed for industrial applications.

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01713
Cryolite, synthetic, ≥97.0% (from F)
AlF6Na3