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The journal of physical chemistry. B

Opposing effects of Na+ and K+ on the thermal stability of Na+,K(+)-ATPase.


PMID 22283598

Abstract

Folding and structural stability are key factors for the proper biological function of proteins. Na(+),K(+)-ATPase is an integral membrane protein involved in the active transport of Na(+) and K(+) across the plasma membrane. In this work we characterized the effects of K(+) and Na(+) on the thermal inactivation of Na(+),K(+)-ATPase, evaluating both catalytic and transport capacities of the pump. Both activities of the enzyme decrease with the preincubation time as first-order kinetics. The thermal inactivation of Na(+),K(+)-ATPase is simultaneous with a conformational change detected by tryptophan and 1-aniline-8-naphtalenesulfonate (ANS) fluorescence. The kinetic coefficient of thermal inactivation was affected by the presence of Na(+) and K(+) (or Rb(+)) and the temperature of the preincuabtion media. Our results show that K(+) or Rb(+) stabilize the enzyme, while Na(+) decreases the stability of Na(+),K(+)-ATPase. Both effects are exerted by the specific binding of these cations to the pump. Also, we provided strong evidence that the Rb(+) (or K(+)) stabilization effect is due to the occlusion of these cations into the enzyme. Here, we proposed a minimal kinetic model that explains the behavior observed in the experimental results and allows a better understanding of the results presented by other researchers. The thermal inactivation process was also analyzed according to Kramer's theory.