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International archives of allergy and immunology

Induction of specific Th1 responses and suppression of IgE antibody formation by vaccination with plasmid DNA encoding Cyn d 1.


PMID 22286313

Abstract

DNA vaccines encoding allergens have been developed to prevent or to treat specific IgE responses. To evaluate the potential preventive and therapeutic effect of DNA vaccines encoding Cyn d 1 alone or combined with different adjuvants on specific allergies. Recombinant plasmid Cyn d 1 (pCyn d 1) was constructed by insertion of Cyn d 1 cDNA into the vector pcDNA3. BALB/c mice were injected with pCyn d 1 alone or plus adjuvants such as bupivacaine, bestatin, liposome, or CpG. Control mice were treated with pcDNA3 or PBS. They were boosted 3 weeks later and then sensitized twice with recombinant Cyn d 1 and alum. Their serum antibody responses and cytokine profiles of spleen cells were studied. Adoptive transfer of spleen cells of pCyn d 1-vaccinated mice was also performed. Vaccination of mice with pCyn d 1 induced Th1 responses characterized by IgG2a responses and spleen cell secretion of interferon-γ. Vaccination with pCyn d 1 not only prevented the induction of specific IgE responses but also suppressed ongoing IgE responses. The mice receiving untreated, CD4+- or CD8+-depleted spleen cells from pCyn d 1-vaccinated mice all had suppression of IgE responses. This study confirms the prophylactic and therapeutic effects of DNA vaccines encoding Bermuda grass pollen allergen Cyn d 1 on specific IgE responses. Both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells are crucial for the immunomodulatory effect of pCyn d 1 on specific IgE responses.

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