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Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

Human serum albumin stability and toxicity of anthraquinone dye alizarin complexone: an albumin-dye model.


PMID 22296882

Abstract

The complexation between the primary vector of ligands in blood plasma, human serum albumin (HSA) and a toxic anthraquinone dye alizarin complexone, was unmasked by means of circular dichroism (CD), molecular modeling, steady state and time-resolved fluorescence, and UV/vis absorption measurements. The structural investigation of the complexed HSA through far-UV CD, three-dimensional and synchronous fluorescence shown the polypeptide chain of HSA partially destabilizing with a reduction of α-helix upon conjugation. From molecular modeling and competitive ligand binding results, Sudlow's site I, which was the same as that of warfarin-azapropazone site, was appointed to retain high-affinity for alizarin complexone. Moreover, steady state fluorescence displayed that static type and Förster energy transfer is the operational mechanism for the vanish in the tryptophan (Trp)-214 fluorescence, this corroborates time-resolved fluorescence that HSA-alizarin complexone adduct formation has an affinity of 10(5) M(-1), and the driving forces were found to be chiefly π-π, hydrophobic, and hydrogen bonds, associated with an exothermic free energy change. These data should be utilized to illustrate the mechanism by which the toxicological action of anthraquinone dyes is mitigated by transporter HSA.

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A3882
Alizarin-3-methyliminodiacetic acid
C19H15NO8