Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology

Effects of imidazolines on neurogenic contraction in isolated urinary bladder detrusor strips from rabbit.

PMID 22309408


Moxonidine and clonidine, which are imidazoline compounds, are sympathetic modulators used as centrally acting antihypertensive drugs. Moxonidine, clonidine, and agmatine produce extensive effects in mammalian tissues via imidazoline recognition sites (or receptors) or α(2)-adrenoceptors. To investigate the effects of imidazolines on the function of the urinary bladder, we tested the effects of moxonidine, clonidine, and agmatine on the neurogenic contraction induced by electric field stimulation, and on the post-synaptic receptors in isolated urinary bladder detrusor strips from rabbit. Both moxonidine at 1.0-10.0 µmol/L and clonidine at 0.1-10.0 µmol/L inhibited electric-field-stimulation-induced contraction in a concentration-dependent manner, but not agmatine (10.0-1000.0 µmol/L). Both moxonidine and clonidine failed to affect carbachol or adenosine-triphosphate-induced contractions; however, 1000.0 µmol/L agmatine significantly increased these contractions. Our study indicates that (i) moxonidine and clonidine produce a concentration-dependent inhibition of the neurogenic contractile responses to electric field stimulation in isolated detrusor strips from male New Zealand rabbits; (ii) post-synaptic muscarinic receptor and purinergic receptor stimulation are not involved in the responses of moxinidine and clonidine in this study; (iii) the inhibitory effects of these agents are probably not mediated by presynaptic imidazoline receptors.

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Y0000226 Moxonidine, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard