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European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology

Interstitial cystitis: diagnosis and management.


PMID 22310942

Abstract

Interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome is a chronic condition that causes debilitating bladder pain which can be associated with urgency, frequency and nocturia. Its cause is not clear and it is still a disease diagnosed by exclusion. Oral or intravesical therapies are the main stay of treatment whilst surgical procedures are reserved for refractory cases. This condition usually warrants a multidisciplinary approach for optimum outcome. This article gives an overview of the changes in definition, aetiopathogenesis and available treatments.