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Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids

Direct intercalation of bis-2,2',2″,6-terpyridylcobalt(III) into zirconium phosphate layers for biosensing applications.


PMID 22316317

Abstract

The direct intercalation reaction of [Co(tpy)(2)](2+) with the highly hydrated θ phase of layered zirconium phosphate (θ-ZrP) resulted in the formation of the oxidized [Co(tpy)(2)](3+) ion within the ZrP material. The X-ray powder diffraction patterns showed that the interlayer distance increases from 10.3 Å in θ-ZrP to 14.9 Å in the dry [Co(tpy)(2)](3+)-intercalated ZrP {[Co(tpy)(2)](3+):ZrP} phase. The complex remains electroactive within the layers of ZrP. The formal potential of a carbon paste electrode (CPE) modified with [Co(tpy)(2)](3+):ZrP (E°' = 40.8 mV versus Ag/AgCl, 3.5 M NaCl) is non-pH-dependent. However, the sensitivity of the [Co(tpy)(2)](3+):ZrP-modified CPE for the detection of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) electrooxidation was lower than that of a previously reported CPE modified with [Ru(phend)(2)bpy](2+)-intercalated ZrP. (1) To improve the characteristics of NADH electrooxidation of the [Co(tpy)(2)](3+):ZrP-modified CPE, we included the enzyme diaphorase in solution, which increased the electrocatalytic current for NADH oxidation. A bienzymatic lactate biosensor was constructed and used for lactate sensing.

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464236
Zirconium(IV) hydrogenphosphate
H2O8P2Zr