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American journal of clinical pathology

Immunophenotypic analysis of myeloperoxidase-negative leukemia cutis and blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm.


PMID 22338048

Abstract

Myeloid leukemia cutis (LC) and blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) are morphologically indistinguishable malignancies that frequently manifest in the skin. Separating myeloperoxidase-negative LC from BPDCN may be particularly challenging. We identified a panel of immunohistochemical stains to distinguish myeloid LC (23 cases) from BPDCN (12 cases): myeloperoxidase, which stained 7 cases (30%) of LC and 0 cases (0%) of BPDCN; CD56, which stained 12 cases (52%) of LC and all 12 cases (100%) of BPDCN; CD4, which stained 2 cases (9%) of LC and all 12 cases (100%) of BPDCN; CD123, which stained 4 cases (17%) of LC and 10 cases (83%) of BPDCN; and Tcl-1, which stained 2 cases (9%) of LC and 9 (82%) of 11 cases of BPDCN. It is interesting that CD33 was not helpful; it stained 18 (78%) cases of LC and 11 cases (92%) of BPDCN. Our results indicate that a panel that includes CD4, CD56, CD123, and Tcl-1 can appropriately distinguish between these 2 entities.

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