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Cellular immunology

Inhibition of clathrin/dynamin-dependent internalization interferes with LPS-mediated TRAM-TRIF-dependent signaling pathway.


PMID 22341560

Abstract

Recognition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) by Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) activates two district proinflammatory signaling pathway and initiates LPS internalization. To investigate roles of LPS internalization, a traditionally regarded metabolic pathway for LPS, in regulation of these two pathways, three internalization inhibitors, monodansylcadaverine (MDC, a clathrin inhibitor), dynasore (DS, a dynamin inhibitor) and chloroquine (CQ, an endosome acidifying maturation inhibitor) were applied to induce internalization dysfunction in macrophages. Results showed MDC and DS affected LPS internalization but did not interfere with their colocalization. Additionally, they decreased cytokines and chemokines release and inhibited signaling molecules activation mediated by TRAM-TRIF-dependent pathway as determined by protein array. In contrast, CQ did not inhibit LPS internalization but affected the colocalization. It also suppressed macrophage activation mediated by both MyD88-dependent and TRAM-TRIF-dependent pathways. The above data indicated that LPS internalization was clathrin/dynamin dependent and it was essential for activation of TRAM-TRIF-dependent signaling pathway.