Journal of industrial microbiology & biotechnology

Genome shuffling of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens for improving antimicrobial lipopeptide production and an analysis of relative gene expression using FQ RT-PCR.

PMID 22350068


Genome shuffling is an efficient approach for the rapid improvement of the yield of secondary metabolites. This study was undertaken to enhance the yield of surfactin produced by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens ES-2-4 using genome shuffling and to examine changes in SrfA expression of the improved phenotype at the transcriptional level. Six strains with subtle improvements in lipopeptide yield were obtained from populations generated by ultraviolet irradiation, nitrosoguanidine, and ion beam mutagenesis. These strains were then subjected to recursive protoplast fusion. A strain library that was likely to yield positive colonies was created by fusing the lethal protoplasts obtained from both ultraviolet irradiation and heat treatments. After two rounds of genome shuffling, a high-yield recombinant F2-38 strain that exhibited 3.5- and 10.3-fold increases in surfactin production in shake flask and fermenter respectively, was obtained. Comparative analysis of synthetase gene expression was conducted between the initial and shuffled strains using FQ (fluorescent quantitation) RT-PCR. Delta CT (threshold cycle) relative quantitation analysis revealed that surfactin synthetase gene (srfA) expression at the transcriptional level in the F2-38 strain was 15.7-fold greater than in the ES-2-4 wild-type. The shuffled strain has a potential application in food and pharmaceutical industries. At the same time, the analysis of improved phenotypes will provide more valuable data for inverse metabolic engineering.

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Surfactin, from Bacillus subtilis, ≥98.0% (HPLC)