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Analytical biochemistry

Surface plasmon resonance imaging biosensor for cathepsin G based on a potent inhibitor: development and applications.


PMID 22369897

Abstract

A specific surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRI) array biosensor for the determination of the enzymatically active cathepsin G (CatG) has been developed. For this purpose, a specific interaction between an inhibitor immobilized onto a chip surface and CatG in an analyzed solution was used. The MARS-115 CatG peptidyl inhibitor containing the 1-aminoalkylphosphonate diaryl ester moiety at the C terminus and N-succinamide with a free carboxylic function was synthesized and covalently immobilized onto the gold chip surface via the thiol group (cysteamine). Atomic force microscopy was used for the observation of surface changes during the subsequent steps of chip manufacture. Optimal detection conditions were chosen. High specificity of synthesized inhibitor to CatG was proved. The precision, as well as the accuracy, was found to be well suited to enzyme determination. The sensor application for the determination of CatG in white blood cells and saliva was shown for potential diagnosis of leukemia and oral cavity diseases during the early stages of those pathological states.