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Neuroscience

Moxonidine into the lateral parabrachial nucleus reduces renal and hormonal responses to cell dehydration.


PMID 22373877

Abstract

The deactivation of the inhibitory mechanisms with injections of moxonidine (α2-adrenoceptor/imidazoline receptor agonist) into the lateral parabrachial nucleus (LPBN) increases hypertonic NaCl intake by intra- or extracellular dehydrated rats. In the present study, we investigated the changes in the urinary sodium and volume, sodium balance, and plasma vasopressin and oxytocin in rats treated with intragastric (i.g.) 2 M NaCl load (2 ml/rat) combined with injections of moxonidine into the LPBN. Male Holtzman rats (n=5-12/group) with stainless steel cannulas implanted bilaterally into LPBN were used. Bilateral injections of moxonidine (0.5 nmol/0.2 μl) into the LPBN decreased i.g. 2 M NaCl-induced diuresis (4.6±0.7 vs. vehicle: 7.4±0.6 ml/120 min) and natriuresis (1.65±0.29 vs. vehicle: 2.53±0.17 mEq/120 min), whereas the previous injection of the α2-adrenoceptor antagonist RX 821002 (10 nmol/0.2 μl) into the LPBN abolished the effects of moxonidine. Moxonidine injected into the LPBN reduced i.g. 2 M NaCl-induced increase in plasma oxytocin and vasopressin (14.6±2.8 and 2.2±0.3 vs. vehicle: 25.7±7 and 4.3±0.7 pg/ml, respectively). Moxonidine injected into the LPBN combined with i.g. 2 M NaCl also increased 0.3 M NaCl intake (7.5±1.7 vs. vehicle: 0.5±0.2 mEq/2 h) and produced positive sodium balance (2.3±1.4 vs. vehicle: -1.2±0.4 mEq/2 h) in rats that had access to water and NaCl. The present results show that LPBN α2-adrenoceptor activation reduces renal and hormonal responses to intracellular dehydration and increases sodium and water intake, which facilitates sodium retention and body fluid volume expansion.

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