Journal of enzyme inhibition and medicinal chemistry

Inhibition of fatty acid synthase by ginkgolic acids from the leaves of Ginkgo biloba and their cytotoxic activity.

PMID 22380770


Fatty acid synthase (FAS) has been proposed to be a new drug target for the development of anticancer agents because of the significant difference in expression of FAS between normal and tumour cells. Since a n-hexane-soluble extract from Ginkgo biloba was demonstrated to inhibit FAS activity in our preliminary test, we isolated active compounds from the n-hexane-soluble extract and evaluated their cytotoxic activity in human cancer cells. Three ginkgolic acids 1-3 isolated from the n-hexane-soluble extract inhibited the enzyme with IC(50) values 17.1, 9.2 and 10.5 µM, respectively, and they showed cytotoxic activity against MCF-7 (human breast adenocarcinoma), A549 (human lung adenocarcinoma) and HL-60 (human leukaemia) cells. Our findings suggest that alkylphenol derivatives might be a new type of FAS inhibitor with cytotoxic activity.

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