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AAPS PharmSciTech

Physicochemical properties of amorphous roxithromycin prepared by quench cooling of the melt or desolvation of a chloroform solvate.


PMID 22391887

Abstract

Roxithromycin is a poorly soluble antibacterial drug. The aim of this study was to prepare and characterize an amorphous form of roxithromycin. The amorphous form was prepared by desolvation of its chloroform solvate, and by quench cooling a melt of the crystalline monohydrated solid. The X-ray powder diffraction pattern of the desolvated chloroform solvate was indistinguishable from that of the glass prepared by melting, which indicated that it was amorphous. The roxithromycin glass was determined to be a fragile glass, but due to its high Kauzmann temperature (approximately 8°C), it should remain fairly stable upon refrigeration or even at room temperature. It was also determined that this glass remains stable in the presence of moisture with no indication of crystallization.

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R1500000
Roxithromycin, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard
C41H76N2O15