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Histopathology

The diagnostic value of immunohistochemically detected methylthioadenosine phosphorylase deficiency in malignant pleural mesotheliomas.


PMID 22394205

Abstract

Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) often causes diagnostic difficulties for pathologists. We assessed whether loss of methylthioadenosine phosphorylase (MTAP), a key enzyme in the intracellular recycling of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) often deleted in MPM, could be detected with immunohistochemistry (IHC) and used as a diagnostic marker for MPM. We used IHC to detect MTAP in a cohort of 99 MPMs and 39 reactive mesothelial proliferations (RP) (reactive mesothelial hyperplasia n = 33, reactive pleural fibrosis n = 6). MTAP staining was assessed by an H score. The median H score of the RP cohort was set as a reference point. Cases with H scores below this reference point were considered to have decreased MTAP expression. We found that 64 of 99 (65%) of the investigated MPMs had decreased MTAP expression, while this was only true for nine of 39 (23%) of the RPs (P = 0.001). We further evaluated MTAP expression in a cohort of coagulated pleural effusions from 14 patients with MPM and 20 patients with RP by using a double-staining technique with Wilms tumour 1 (WT1) as a mesothelial marker. In these samples, decreased MTAP expression diagnosed MPM with a sensitivity of 71% and a specificity of 90%. Decreased MTAP expression could potentially be useful in combination with other markers in the diagnosis of MPM.

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M1949 S-methyl-5′-thioadenosine phosphorylase human