The journal of physical chemistry. A

Bimolecular rate constant and product branching ratio measurements for the reaction of C2H with ethene and propene at 79 K.

PMID 22429068


The reactions of the ethynyl radical (C(2)H) with ethene (C(2)H(4)) and propene (C(3)H(6)) are studied under low temperature conditions (79 K) in a pulsed Laval nozzle apparatus. Ethynyl radicals are formed by 193 nm photolysis of acetylene (C(2)H(2)) and the reactions are studied in nitrogen as a carrier gas. Reaction products are sampled and subsequently photoionized by the tunable vacuum ultraviolet radiation of the Advanced Light Source (ALS) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The product ions are detected mass selectively and time-resolved by a quadrupole mass spectrometer. Bimolecular rate coefficients are determined under pseudo-first-order conditions, yielding values in good agreement with previous measurements. Photoionization spectra are measured by scanning the ALS photon energy while detecting the ionized reaction products. Analysis of the photoionization spectra yields-for the first time-low temperature isomer resolved product branching ratios. The reaction between C(2)H and ethene is found to proceed by H-loss and yields 100% vinylacetylene. The reaction between C(2)H and propene results in (85 ± 10)% C(4)H(4) (m/z = 52) via CH(3)-loss and (15 ± 10)% C(5)H(6) (m/z = 66) by H-loss. The C(4)H(4) channel is found to consist of 100% vinylacetylene. For the C(5)H(6) channel, analysis of the photoionization spectrum reveals that (62 ± 16)% is in the form of 4-penten-1-yne, (27 ± 8)% is in the form of cis- and trans-3-penten-1-yne and (11 ± 10)% is in the form of 2-methyl-1-buten-3-yne.