Environmental science & technology

Highly active and stable Ni-Fe bimetal prepared by ball milling for catalytic hydrodechlorination of 4-chlorophenol.

PMID 22435541


A novel Ni-Fe bimetal with high dechlorination activity for 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) was prepared by ball milling (BM) in this study. Increasing Ni content and milling time greatly enhanced the dechlorination activity, which was mainly attributed to the homogeneous distribution of Ni nanoparticles (50-100 nm) in bulk Fe visualized by scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (SEM/EDS) with image mapping. In comparison with the Ni-Fe bimetal prepared by a chemical solution deposition (CSD) process, the ball milled Ni-Fe bimetal possessed high dechlorination activity and stability before being used up. Dechlorination kinetics indicated that the dechlorination rates of 4-CP increased with increasing Ni-Fe dose but decreased with increasing solution pH. Solution pH had a significant effect on the dechlorination of 4-CP and the passivation of the Ni-Fe bimetal. The enhanced pH during the dechlorination process significantly accelerated the formation of passivating film on the bimetallic surface. The Ni-Fe bimetal at the dose of 60 g/L was reused 10 times without losing dechlorination activity for 4-CP at initial pH less than 6.0, but the gradual passivation was observed at initial pH above 7.0.