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The Analyst

An indicator-displacement assay for naked-eye detection and quantification of histidine in human urine.


PMID 22439136

Abstract

A simple and efficient colorimetric method for the naked-eye detection and quantification of histidine in biological fluids was developed based on an indicator-displacement assay (IDA) and the Ni(2+)-histidine affinity pair. In this IDA approach, a commercially available dye, murexide, was used as the indicator and the selective detection of histidine was achieved based on the competition between indicator and histidine for the binding with Ni(2+). The competition of histidine with murexide for Ni(2+) resulted in an obvious color change of the solution from yellow to purple, and the permitted naked-eye detection of trace histidine. The developed bioassay allows the rapid, sensitive and selective detection of histidine in urine samples, and does not need complicated sample pretreatment. The detection limit was 0.4 μM with a linear range from 2 to 30 μM. The relative standard deviation for 11 replicate detections of 8 μM histidine was 2.0%. The developed sensor was successfully applied to the determination of histidine in human urine samples with recoveries from 97 to 105%.

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222461
Murexide, ACS reagent
C8H8N6O6