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Shokuhin eiseigaku zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan

[Development and performance evaluation of a GC-FPD method for quantification of ethephon in feeds].


PMID 22450669

Abstract

An analytical method of ethephon in feeds by GC-FPD was developed. Ethephon was extracted with ethyl acetate-hydrochloric acid (100 : 1) from feed samples. The extract was treated with added trimethylsilyldiazomethane in acetone-acetic acid (99 : 1) and this methylation procedure was repeated three times. Methylated ethephon was cleaned up on a graphitized carbon mini-column and a silicagel mini-column, and determined by GC-FPD. A method performance study in 7 laboratories was conducted with three kinds of samples spiked with ethephon at 10 mg/kg, 1 mg/kg and 0.5 mg/kg. The recovery of ethephon ranged from 81.8% to 90.8% (the reproducibility standard deviation (RSDr) were within 11%) and HorRat values were 0.58 to 0.94. The limit of detection (S/N≧3) and the limit of quantitation (S/N≧10) of ethephon in samples except hay were 0.02 mg/kg and 0.05 mg/kg, respectively. In the case of hay, the corresponding values were 0.2 mg/kg and 0.5 mg/kg, respectively.

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