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Pharmacological research

Iloperidone (Fanapt®), a novel atypical antipsychotic, is a potent HERG blocker and delays cardiac ventricular repolarization at clinically relevant concentration.


PMID 22465688

Abstract

QT interval prolongation on the electrocardiogram (ECG) has extensively been reported with iloperidone, a novel antipsychotic drug. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of iloperidone on cardiac ventricular repolarization at three different levels; in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo. (1) In vitro level: whole-cell patch-clamp experiments were performed on HERG-transfected HEK293 cells exposed to iloperidone 0.01-1 μmol/L (n = 35 cells, total) to assess drug effect on HERG current. (2) Ex vivo level: Langendorff retroperfusion experiments were performed on isolated hearts from male Hartley guinea pigs (n = 7) exposed to iloperidone 100 nmol/L with/without chromanol 293B 10 μmol/L to assess drug-induced prolongation of monophasic action potential duration measured at 90% repolarization (MAPD(90)). (3) In vivo level: ECG recordings using wireless cardiac telemetry were performed in guinea pigs (n = 5) implanted with radio transmitters and treated with a single oral gavage dose of iloperidone 3 mg/kg. (1) Patch-clamp experiments revealed an estimated IC50 for iloperidone on HERG current of 161 ± 20 nmol/L. (2) While pacing the hearts at stimulation cycle lengths of 200 or 250 ms, or during natural sinus rhythm (no external pacing), iloperidone 100 nmol/L prolonged MAPD(90) by respectively 9.2 ± 0.9, 11.2 ± 1.6 and 21.4 ± 2.3 ms. After adding chromanol 293B, MAPD(90) was further prolonged by 7.3 ± 3.3, 11.5 ± 2.3 and 29.2 ± 6.7 ms, respectively. (3) Iloperidone 3mg/kg p.o. caused a maximal 42.7 ± 10.2 ms prolongation of corrected QT interval (QTc(F)), 40 min after administration. Iloperidone prolongs the QT interval, the cardiac action potentials and is a potent HERG blocker. Patients are at increased risk of cardiac proarrhythmia during iloperidone treatment, as this drug possesses significant cardiac repolarization-delaying properties at clinically relevant concentration.

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