Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003)

Zinc(II) complexes of constrained antiviral macrocycles.

PMID 22466936


The configurations of metallocyclams are of interest in relation to protein recognition and anti-HIV activity. We have synthesised four novel zinc(II) complexes with hexyl-Me(2)-cyclam (HMC; 3,14-dimethyl-2,6,13,17-tetraazatricyclo(,12))docosane), 1, and naphthyl-hexyl-Me(2)-cyclam (NHMC; 2,13-bis(1-naphthylmethyl)-5,16-dimethyl-2,6,13,17-tetraazatricyclo(,12))docosane), 2, as ligands. X-ray crystallographic data for Zn(II)-HMC diacetate, 3 show that zinc is six-coordinate in a distorted octahedral environment bound to four equatorial N atoms from the macrocycle and two axial acetato O atoms. The 14-membered metallo-macrocycle adopts a trans-III (RRSS) configuration with two six-membered rings in chair forms and two five-membered rings in gauche forms. In the chlorido Zn(II)-HMC complex 5, zinc appears to be 5-coordinate with square-pyramidal geometry. Interestingly, the chlorido Zn(II)-NHMC complex 6 crystallised in a trans-I configuration containing 4-coordinate tetrahedral zinc bound to three cyclam ring N atoms, a possible model for intermediates formed during the uptake and release of metals by cyclams. The ligand 1 and the zinc complex 3 were active towards viral strains HIV-1 (III(B)) (IC(50) values of 10.51 ± 0.23 and 3.50 ± 0.33 μM, respectively), and HIV-2 (ROD) (IC(50) values of 133.78 ± 14.10 and >110.67 μM, respectively). 2D [(1)H, (13)C] and [(1)H, (15)N] NMR spectroscopic studies suggested that the types of configurational isomers present in solution depend on the axial ligand.

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1,4,8,11-Tetraazacyclotetradecane, 98% (GC)