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Artificial cells, blood substitutes, and immobilization biotechnology

Garlicin attenuates reperfusion no-reflow in a catheter-based porcine model of acute myocardial infarction.


PMID 22471597

Abstract

To evaluate whether garlicin can attenuate reperfusion no-reflow in a catheter-based porcine model of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Twenty-two swine were used: six in a sham-operation group, and eight each in the control and garlicin groups. The distal part of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) in the latter two groups was occluded by a dilated balloon for 2 hr, then reperfused for 3 hr. Garlicin (1.88mg/kg) was injected just before reperfusion until reperfusion for 1 hr in the garlicin group. Hemodynamic data were examined before AMI, 2 hr after occlusion, and 3 hr after reperfusion. Myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) and pathological staining were performed to evaluate the myocardial no-reflow area (NRA). Serum proinflammatory cytokines and endothelin (ET)-1 were examined by radioimmunoassay. Left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP) and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) significantly improved in the garlicin group after reperfusion compared with the control group and also 2hr after AMI (p<0.05 for both). MCE and pathological staining both showed garlicin attenuated reperfusion NRA after AMI (p<0.05, p<0.01). Garlicin not only decreased serum interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α after reperfusion (p<0.05 for both), but also ET-1 level (p<0.01). Garlicin attenuated reperfusion no-reflow in our catheter-based porcrine model of AMI, possibly through decreasing serum proinflammatory cytokines and ET-1.

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