Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces

Solution composition impacts fibronectin immobilization on carboxymethyl-dextran surfaces and INS-1 insulin secretion.

PMID 22483346


It is shown that solution composition during immobilization plays a critical role in the properties of fibronectin (FN) surfaces and their bioactivity towards insulinoma (INS-1) cell function. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy revealed FN grafting onto low-fouling carboxymethyl-dextran (CMD) surfaces was successful with solutions composed of 10 μM CaCl(2), 10 μM MgCl(2), 10 μM MnCl(2), and 10 μM and 1mM NaCl, but unsuccessful with those made of 150 mM NaCl or 1× PBS. Circular dichroism and photon correlation spectroscopy revealed that regardless of solution composition, no measurable differences in free FN conformation prevail. AFM imaging of FN-CMD revealed, while there are no quantitative differences in surface roughness, there are some subtle qualitative differences in topography. FN surface immobilization scheme does not influence INS-1 cell growth after 3 and 7 days regardless of the underlying substrate or solution composition. INS-1 cell insulin secretion in response to glucose is affected by the substrate and solution composition during FN immobilization.