Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis

A validated HPLC assay for the determination of R-(-)-gossypol in human plasma and its application in clinical pharmacokinetic studies.

PMID 22483642


R-(-)-gossypol acetic acid (AT-101), a natural BH3 mimetic, is investigated in a Phase I/II clinical trial for the treatment of advanced solid tumor malignancies. Gossypol undergoes rapid degradation in solution phase, which causes major technical difficulty for its quantitation in plasma. We developed and validated a sensitive HPLC assay for pharmacokinetic evaluation of gossypol. Acetonitrile deproteinization method was chosen for sample preparation and Schiff's base derivative, R-(-)-gossypol-diamino-propanol (GDP), was used as internal standard. Chromatographic separation of gossypol in plasma was performed using a Zorbax Eclipse XDB column C(18) at 30 °C. The mobile phase consists of 10 mmol/L KH(2)PO(4) (pH 3.0) and acetonitrile (20:80) at 1.0 mL/min flow rate. Linearity ranged over 56-3585 ng/mL (R(2)=0.9997±0.0003, n=4), and the limit of detection was 28 ng/mL. The intra- and inter-assay precision was less than 13.7% and the bias ranged from -7.4 to 7.0%. The method was successfully applied to characterize the pharmacokinetics of AT-101 in a Phase I clinical trial. The validated assay is accurate, and sensitive with minimum loss and rapid analysis time and suitable for quantification of gossypol for pharmacokinetics evaluation.