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Biochemical pharmacology

5-Hydroxy-7-methoxyflavone inhibits N-formyl-L-methionyl-L-leucyl-L-phenylalanine-induced superoxide anion production by specific modulate membrane localization of Tec with a PI3K independent mechanism in human neutrophils.


PMID 22484311

Abstract

Respiratory burst mediates crucial bactericidal mechanism in neutrophils. However, undesirable respiratory burst leads to pathological inflammation and tissue damage. This study investigates the effect and the underlying mechanism of 5-hydroxy-7-methoxyflavone (MCL-1), a lignan extracted from the leaves of Muntingia calabura L. (Tiliaceae), on N-formyl-L-methionyl-L-leucyl-L-phenylalanine (fMLP)-induced respiratory burst and cathepsin G release in human neutrophils. Signaling pathways regulated by MCL-1 to oppose fMLP-induced respiratory burst were evaluated by membrane localization of Tec induced by fMLP and by immunoblotting analysis of downstream phosphorylation targets of Tec. Briefly, MCL-1 specific inhibited fMLP-induced superoxide anion production in a concentration-dependent (IC(50)=0.16±0.01 μM) and Tec kinase-dependent manner, however, MCL-1 did not affect fMLP-induced cathepsin G release. Further, MCL-1 suppressed fMLP-induced Tec translocation from the cytosol to the inner leaflet of the plasma membrane, and subsequently activation of phospholipase Cγ2 (PLCγ2). Moreover, MCL-1 attenuated PLCγ2 activity and intracellular calcium concentration notably through extracellular calcium influx. Consequently, fMLP-induced phosphorylation of protein kinase C (PKC) and membrane localization of p47(phox) were decreased by MCL-1 in a Tec-dependent manner, while the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), p38, AKT and Src tyrosine kinase family remained unaffected. In addition, MCL-1 neither inhibited NADPH oxidase activity nor increased cyclicAMP levels. MCL-1 specific opposes fMLP-mediated respiratory burst by inhibition of membrane localization of Tec and subsequently interfered with the activation of PLCγ2, protein kinase C, and p47(phox).