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Free radical research

Arjunolic acid: beneficial role in type 1 diabetes and its associated organ pathophysiology.


PMID 22486656

Abstract

In this review article, we describe the most recent development of the beneficial effect of arjunolic acid (AA) in reducing type 1 diabetic pathophysiology. Diabetic mellitus is a serious and growing health problem worldwide. Increasing evidence suggest that oxidative stress plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of diabetes and its associated complications. Use of antioxidant supplements as a complimentary therapeutic approach in diabetes has, therefore, been seriously considered worldwide. AA, a natural pentacyclic triterpenoid saponin, is well known for various biological functions including antioxidant activity. It could prevent the increased production of ROS, RNS, AGEs, and the 8OHdG/2dG ratio and increase the intracellular antioxidant defence system. Signal transduction studies showed that AA could prevent hyperglycaemia induced activation of MAPKs, PKC, NF-κB signalling cascades and apoptotic cell death. Combining, AA supplements could be regarded as beneficial therapeutics in the treatment of diabetes and its associated complications.

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SMB00119
Arjunolic acid, ≥95% (LC/MS-ELSD)
C30H48O5