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Mutation research

Streptonigrin induces delayed chromosomal instability involving interstitial telomeric sequences in Chinese hamster ovary cells.


PMID 22504371

Abstract

We analyzed the induction of chromosomal aberrations in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells exposed to the radiomimetic compound streptonigrin (SN), in order to determine whether interstitial telomeric sequences (ITSs) are involved in the long-term clastogenic effect of this antibiotic. CHO cells were treated with a single concentration of SN (100ng/ml), and the frequency of unstable chromosomal aberrations was determined at three times after treatment (18h, and 6 and 15 days) by using PNA-FISH with a pan-telomeric probe. Cytogenetic analysis revealed a higher frequency of aberrations at 18h and 6 days after treatment in SN-exposed cultures vs. untreated cultures. The percentage of damaged cells and the yield of SN-induced aberrations at 6 days after treatment increased on average twofold compared with the ones at 18h after treatment. Moreover, a significant decrease in the frequency of aberrations was observed in SN-exposed cells at 15 days after treatment, resulting in a frequency of aberrations significantly lower than the frequency of aberrations observed in the corresponding control cultures. These data indicate that SN induces delayed chromosomal instability in CHO cells, and that the in vitro clastogenic effect of this compound persists for at least 6 days but less than 15 days after treatment. In addition, we found that SN induces delayed ITSs instability, cytogenetically detectable as additional FISH signals and centromeric breaks involving dissociation of the telomeric signal 6 days after treatment. We propose that the delayed effect of SN on ITSs results from breakage of heterochromatic centromeric ITSs blocks and further insertion of these sequences at the sites of mono- or isochromatid breaks occurring at G2 or G1-S phases of the cell cycle, respectively, since most of the additional FISH signals were present as single or double dots, and located at interstitial sites of the involved chromosomes.

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S1014
Streptonigrin from Streptomyces flocculus, ≥98%
C25H22N4O8