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Organic letters

Isotope effects and heavy-atom tunneling in the Roush allylboration of aldehydes.


PMID 22506639

Abstract

Intermolecular (13)C kinetic isotope effects (KIEs) for the Roush allylboration of p-anisaldehyde were determined using a novel approach. The experimental (13)C KIEs fit qualitatively with the expected rate-limiting cyclic transition state, but they are far higher than theoretical predictions based on conventional transition state theory. This discrepancy is attributed to a substantial contribution of heavy-atom tunneling to the reaction, and this is supported by multidimensional tunneling calculations that reproduce the observed KIEs.

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