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The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy

In vitro activity of phenylmercuric acetate against ocular pathogenic fungi.


PMID 22514262

Abstract

To determine the antifungal activity of phenylmercuric acetate against ocular pathogenic fungi in vitro and develop new antifungal eye drops to combat keratomycosis. The in vitro activity of phenylmercuric acetate was assessed against 261 isolates of ocular pathogenic fungi that included 136 Fusarium spp. isolates, 98 Aspergillus spp. isolates, 10 Alternaria alternata isolates and 17 other pathogens. The activity of phenylmercuric acetate was compared with the activities of amphotericin B and natamycin. In vitro susceptibility testing was performed by broth microdilution assay, in accordance with the CLSI (formerly NCCLS) M38-A guidelines for filamentous fungi. MIC₉₀s of phenylmercuric acetate were 0.0156, 0.0156, 0.0156 and 0.0156 mg/L for Fusarium spp., Aspergillus spp., A. alternata and other pathogens, respectively. MIC₉₀s of amphotericin B were 2, 2, 1 and 1 mg/L for Fusarium spp., Aspergillus spp., A. alternata and other pathogens, respectively. MIC₉₀s of natamycin were 8, 32, 4 and 4 mg/L for Fusarium spp., Aspergillus spp., A. alternata and other pathogens, respectively. Phenylmercuric acetate has promising antifungal activity, which is significantly superior to the activities of amphotericin B and natamycin against a wide variety of ocular pathogenic fungi based on comparative MIC values. Additional evaluation is required to determine its clinical utility.