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Annals of biomedical engineering

Targeted cancer therapy by immunoconjugated gold-gold sulfide nanoparticles using Protein G as a cofactor.


PMID 22532323

Abstract

Gold-gold sulfide nanoparticles (GGS-NPs) fabricated from chloroauric acid and sodium thiosulfate show unique near infrared (NIR) absorption that renders them as a promising candidate for photothermal cancer therapy. To improve targeting efficiency, we developed a versatile method to allow ordered immunoconjugation of antibodies on the surfaces of these nanoparticles via a PEGylated recombinant Protein G (ProG). The PEGylated ProG was prepared with orthopyridyldisulfide-polyethylene glycol-succinimidyl valerate, average MW 2000 (OPSS-PEG-SVA), to first allow the self-assembly of ProG on the nanoparticles, subsequently antibodies were added to this construct to enable active targeting. The bioconjugated GGS-NPs were characterized by TEM, NIR-spectra, dynamic light scattering and modified immunoassay. In in vitro studies, the ProG-conjugated GGS-NPs with bound mouse anti c-erbB-2 (HER-2) immunoglobulin G (IgG) successfully targeted the HER-2 overexpressing breast cancer cell, SK-BR-3. Extensive cell death was observed for the targeted SK-BR-3 line at a low laser power of 540 J (3 W cm(-2) for 3 min) while the control breast cancer cell (low expressing HER-2), HTB-22 survived. Using PEGylated ProG as a cofactor for immobilization of antibodies offers a promising strategy to functionalize various IgGs on nanoparticles for engineering their biomedical applications in cancer therapeutics.

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