Journal of pharmaceutical sciences

Preformulation characterization of an aluminum salt-adjuvanted trivalent recombinant protein-based vaccine candidate against Streptococcus pneumoniae.

PMID 22538529


The preformulation of a trivalent recombinant protein-based vaccine candidate for protection against Streptococcus pneumoniae is described both in the presence and in the absence of aluminum salt adjuvants. The biophysical properties of the three protein-based antigens, fragments of pneumococcal surface adhesion A (PsaA), serine-threonine protein kinase (StkP), and protein required for cell wall separation of group B streptococcus (PcsB), were studied using several spectroscopic and light scattering techniques. An empirical phase diagram was constructed to assess the overall conformational stability of the three antigens as a function of pH and temperatures. A variety of excipients were screened on the basis of their ability to stabilize each antigen using intrinsic fluorescence spectroscopy and circular dichroism spectroscopy. Sorbitol, sucrose, and trehalose stabilized the three proteins in solution. The addition of manganese also showed a drastic increase in the thermal stability of SP1650 in solution. The adsorption and desorption processes of each of the antigens to aluminum salt adjuvants were evaluated, and the stability of the adsorbed proteins was then assessed using intrinsic fluorescence spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. All the three proteins showed good adsorption to Alhydrogel. PsaA was destabilized when adsorbed onto Alhydrogel® and adding sodium phosphate showed a stabilizing effect. PcsB was found to be stabilized when adsorbed to Alhydrogel®, and no destabilizing or stabilizing effects were seen in the case of StkP.