ACS applied materials & interfaces

Efficient photocatalytic hydrogen production by platinum-loaded carbon-doped cadmium indate nanoparticles.

PMID 22550935


Undoped and carbon doped cadmium indate (CdIn(2)O(4)) powders were synthesized using a sol-gel pyrolysis method and evaluated for hydrogen generation activity under UV-visible irradiation without the use of a sacrificial reagent. Each catalyst powder was loaded with a platinum cocatalyst in order to increase electron-hole pair separation and promote surface reactions. Carbon-doped indium oxide and cadmium oxide were also prepared and analyzed for comparison. UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectra indicate the band gap for C-CdIn(2)O(4) to be 2.3 eV. C-doped In(2)O(4) showed a hydrogen generation rate approximately double that of the undoped material. When compared to platinized TiO(2) in methanol, which was used as a control material, C-CdIn(2)O(4) showed a 4-fold increase in hydrogen production. The quantum efficiency of the material was calculated at different wavelength intervals and found to be 8.7% at 420-440 nm. The material was capable of hydrogen generation using visible light only and with good efficiency even at 510 nm.