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Journal of molecular and cellular cardiology

Probenecid: novel use as a non-injurious positive inotrope acting via cardiac TRPV2 stimulation.


PMID 22561103

Abstract

Probenecid is a highly lipid soluble benzoic acid derivative originally used to increase serum antibiotic concentrations. It was later discovered to have uricosuric effects and was FDA approved for gout therapy. It has recently been found to be a potent agonist of transient receptor potential vanilloid 2 (TRPV2). We have shown that this receptor is in the cardiomyocyte and report a positive inotropic effect of the drug. Using echocardiography, Langendorff and isolated myocytes, we measured the change in contractility and, using TRPV2(-/-) mice, proved that the effect was mediated by TRPV2 channels in the cardiomyocytes. Analysis of the expression of Ca(2+) handling and β-adrenergic signaling pathway proteins showed that the contractility was not increased through activation of the β-ADR. We propose that the response to probenecid is due to activation of TRPV2 channels secondary to SR release of Ca(2+).

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P8761
Probenecid
C13H19NO4S
P3000000
Probenecid, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard
C13H19NO4S