Glycoconjugate journal

Analysis of the neutral polysaccharide fraction of MCP and its inhibitory activity on galectin-3.

PMID 22562786


The pH-modified citrus pectin (MCP) has been demonstrated to inhibit galectin-3 in cancer progression. The components and structures of MCP related to this inhibition remained unknown. In this paper, we fractionated MCP on DEAE-cellulose column into a homogenous neutral fraction MCP-N (about 20 kDa) and a pectin mixture fraction MCP-A (wide molecular distribution on Sepharose CL-6B chromatography). Both MCP-N and MCP-A inhibited hemagglutination mediated by galectin-3 with minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) 625 and 0.5 μg/ml, respectively. MCP-N was identified to be a type I arabinogalactan (AG-I) with a main chain of β-1→4-galactan. MCP-N was digested by α-L-arabinofuranosidase to give its main chain structure fraction (M-galactan, around 18 kDa), which was more active than the original molecule, MIC 50 μg/ml. The acidic degradation of M-galactan increased the inhibitory activity, MIC about 5 times lower than M-galactan. These results above showed that the functional motif of the β-1→4-galactan fragment might lie in the terminal residues rather than in the internal region of the chain. Therefore, MCP-N and its degraded products might be developed to new potential galectin-3 inhibitors. This is the first report concerning the fractionation of MCP and its components on galectin-3 inhibition. The information provided in this paper is valuable for screening more active galectin-3 inhibitors from natural polysaccharides.